CIPRNet

Critical Infrastructure Preparedness and Resilience Research Network

Training: Lectures

CIPRNet Lectures

CIPRNet is active to prepare the European Infrastructures Simulation and Analysis Centre
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EISAC
(European Infrastructure See computer simulation.
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Simulation
and Analysis Center) improving the competence and knowledge of the European See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
Expert community. To this end it arranges and supports information exchange via lectures and conferences hosted or performed by CIPRNet partners. These lectures will be announced on this web page. The lectures are generally arranged as open access scheme, even if in some cases there might exist restrictions. Some lectures will be provided also as web streams.

Announcements of CIPRNet lectures will be published on this web page. Stay tuned!

CL31: Hybrid Simulation of Distributed Large-Scale Critical Infrastructures

by Prof. Massimo Ficco (Seconda Universita Degli Studi di Napoli), 8th September 2016, 09:10-10:00

Venue: University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland (Room C8 RCI)

Critical infrastructures represent the pivotal assets and resources upon which the current society greatly relies to support welfare, economy and quality of life.

Nowadays, the trend is to restructure these infrastructures by applying a System of Systems (SoS) concept, where the sparse islands are progressively interconnected by means of proper middleware solution through wide-area networks. The huge complexity of such systems makes more complicated for designers and developers the task of facing integration and configuration issues of both pre-existing and under development systems. Indeed, integration among components may introduce unexpected system behaviours on dependability and performance that usually manifest during systems installation and execution time. Additionally, as they cannot be detected earlier, they require on-site maintenance operations resulting in increased maintenance costs and overspending in terms of personnel resources. A promising way to cope with these new systems, and to lower maintenance costs, is to reproduce such complex and distributed systems locally, and let them run prior to the actual execution on-site in order to get knowledge about their real See User-specified behaviour, System-specified behaviour
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behaviour
and define mitigation means and improvement actions. Hybrid and distributed See computer simulation.
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simulation
strategies, supported by novel technologies for resources virtualization and working environment reproduction, represent the most promising way to define the needed strategies to actually support such paradigm shift.

CL30: CIPRNet talk at SATW: "Aktuelle Forschung zu kritischen Infrastrukturen"

by Erich Rome (Fraunhofer), 21st April 2016

At the SATW Fachveranstaltung "Cyber Security" (Technical An event describes what happens to a component in the CI model if a condition is fulfilled, e.g. the tripping of a transmission line at a certain time.
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event
of the Swiss Academy of Technical Sciences

Venue: Main building of ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

A general introduction to the project CIPRNet, with a focus on one of its new capabilities: 'what if' analysis based on federated Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
, See computer simulation.
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simulation
and analysis of the See User-specified behaviour, System-specified behaviour
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behaviour
of Critical Infrastructures in crisis situations. The capability shall enable crisis managers of civil protection agencies to explore different courses of action in training situations. A new method for outcome of an event affecting objectives
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consequence
analysis enables the comparison of the overall outcomes of different courses of action. An extensive conclusion provides experiences and analyses of barriers and success factors of transferring research results on Critical Infrastructures into practical application.

CL29: CIPRNet OpenMI-Webinar

by Bernhard Becker (Deltares) and Andreas Burzel (Deltares), 21st April 2016

Open Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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Modelling
Interface (OpenMI) is an OGC standard that allows time-dependent models to exchange data at run-time. When the standard is implemented, models can run simultaneously and share information at each time step, making See conceptual model
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model
integration feasible at the operational level. The possibilities of See conceptual model
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model
coupling with Open Modelling Interface (OpenMI) is a modelling standard emerged from the domain of water system simulation.
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OpenMI
to modellers and project managers in water related integrated Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
and other interested attendees will be showed. Different research projects and case studies will be presented, where Open Modelling Interface (OpenMI) is a modelling standard emerged from the domain of water system simulation.
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OpenMI
has been applied in the past and illustrate the added value of See conceptual model
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model
coupling. The webinar includes the fundamentals about See computer simulation
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computer model
simulations and computational grids, boundary conditions and See conceptual model
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model
forcing.

The Open Modelling Interface (OpenMI) is a modelling standard emerged from the domain of water system simulation.
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OpenMI
Webinar was recorded and it is available here!

This webinar covered the following topics:

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CL28: Introduction to Critical Infrastructures (CI) & dependency phenomena

by Eric Luiijf (TNO), 11th March 2016

Venue: Cyber Security Academy, The Hague, The Netherlands

A general introduction on Critical Infrastructures, addressing the following topics:

CL27: Introduction to CIPRNet

by Erich Rome (Fraunhofer), 1st March 2016

At periodic meeting of the VRGeo consortium 

Venue: Sankt Augustin, Germany

A general introduction to the project CIPRNet, with a focus on one of its new capabilities: 'what if' analysis based on federated Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
, See computer simulation.
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simulation
and analysis of the See User-specified behaviour, System-specified behaviour
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behaviour
of Critical Infrastructures in crisis situations. The capability shall enable crisis managers of civil protection agencies to explore different courses of action in training situations. A new method for outcome of an event affecting objectives
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consequence
analysis enables the comparison of the overall outcomes of different courses of action. 

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CL26: Avoid enlarging a disaster: take care of critical infrastructure

by Eric Luiijf (TNO), 20th February 2016

At the Annual Symposium of Engineers Without Borders of the Netherlands (EWB-NL) 

Venue: TU Eindhoven, the Netherlands 

The theme of the Symposium is “Technical Challenges in Disaster Response”. Logistics, averting bottlenecks, coordinating governmental efforts and those of aid organizations – they quickly become the preoccupations of those overseeing disaster relief operations. We all feel compelled to help and we would like to contribute. However this does not always have to be by donating money. Clever ideas and practical solutions are just as valuable. Whether it is to create an app to locate people or an easy to put up construction for shelter, all ideas are useful after a disaster where people are left without anything. Link 

CL25: Cyber-physical security solutions for critical infrastructure protection

by Prof. Michal Choras and Dr. Rafal Kozik (UTP), 16th February 2016, 09:30h

Venue: Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Building A, Room Mocci, Piazza d\'Armi, 09123, Cagliari, Italy

Abstract: During the lecture the overview of practical cyber-physical security solutions for See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
were presented. Moreover, the results and approach of the CIPRNet project were discussed.

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CL24: Praxiserfahrungen beim Technologietransfer und Kriterien für Usability im Bereich KRITIS und Bevölkerungsschutz

(engl: Practical experiences in technology transfer and criteria for usability in the areas of The European Council Directive 2008/114/EC defines: ‘Critical infrastructure’ (CI) means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic..
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Critical Infrastructure
Protection and Civil Protection)

by Dr. Erich Rome (Fraunhofer IAIS), Leipzig, 4th December 2015

An event describes what happens to a component in the CI model if a condition is fulfilled, e.g. the tripping of a transmission line at a certain time.
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Event
: SIFO-Fachdialog „Konturen eines technik- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Sicherheitsverständnisses“

Venue: Tagungslounge Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany 

Abstract: The presentation looked into experiences of conditions of successful cooperation between science and users. The See critical infrastructure
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CI
area is characterised by specific security challenges (complex, interdependent, sometimes cross-border, constantly changing systems; cascading effects; limited access to sensitive information) and the interplay of a wide range of stakeholders (politicians, authorities, operators, civil / Civil Protection, Research Funding / Community). Research in this area requires the establishment of a relationship of trust with operators and a multidisciplinary, mind-set. A key factor of successful technology transfer is the usability of the developed solutions, for example, decision support systems (that can be used in normal operation and emergency situations). Besides that, a pecuniary value added in industrial operation raises the incentive for investment by operators. The research must closely follow the requirements of end-users from the earliest possible stage on (including support for established standards; links to existing systems; interoperability with existing processes; focus on sense-making, a simple representation and interpretability of results and concrete recommendations for action; fast, time-stamped provision of situational relevant information) and develop easy-to-use solutions that bring real support from the perspective of practitioners.

CL23: Secure Estimation for Wireless Control under Denial-of-Service Attacks

by Gabriella Fiore, Ph.D. (University of L’Aquila), Rome, 10th November 2015, 9.30 h

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Italy

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are systems found in a wide range of application fields such as power grids, smart buildings, transportation systems and unmanned vehicle systems. CPSs integrate physical processes, computational resources and communication capabilities. The feedback loop between the physical and the computational world through a (wireless) communication network increases the intrinsic properties of something resulting in susceptibility to a risk source that can lead to an event with a consequence
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vulnerability
of the entire system to failures or to malicious and intentional attacks by an external attacker.

In this talk a novel methodology is presented to estimate the state of the CPS when measurements and measure that is modifying risk
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control
inputs are corrupted by sparse attacks based on compressed sensing and error correction techniques.

Specifically, conditions are given for the system to be resilient against packet losses and adversarial attacks (e.g., DoS), characterizing the maximum number of corrupted signals that can be tolerated in order to perfectly recover the true system state.

The methodology was demonstrated with respect to a A scenario consists of a CI model, the initial states of all components and the scenario behaviour that describes the events that happen within the scenario.
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scenario
where UAVs cooperatively transport a flexible payload.

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For further information please send an email to Gabriele Oliva at g.oliva(at)unicampus.it

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CL22: Afhankelijkheden en meer [Dependencies and more]

by Eric Luiijf (TNO), TNO Soesterberg for the Dutch National Network for effect of uncertainty on objectives
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Risk
Management (NNR), 26th October 2015.

Since about 2007 the NNR, the National Network effect of uncertainty on objectives
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Risk
Management, operates. In September 2012 the informal network has been turned into an association. Various organizations already operate in the field of effect of uncertainty on objectives
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risk
management and related areas such as security. NNR functions as an umbrella organisation. Although professorial chairs have been set up, journals, and several trade unions exist, effect of uncertainty on objectives
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risk
management as a discipline is still not sharp profiled and the attention to effect of uncertainty on objectives
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risk
management is not yet sufficiently anchored in the top of many companies. It therefore seems appropriate to promote contacts between science, government and industry. The NNR organizes 5 to 6 times a year a meeting with speakers from outside and / or from their own circle.

CL21: Cyber Security Aspects of Critical Infrastructures Protection

by Rafal Kozik, PhD Eng (University of Science and Technology, UTP, Bydgoszcz, Poland), 26th October 2015, 13:00

Venue: Sir Alwyn Williams Building (Level 5), School of Computing, University of Glasgow

Abstract: As our world becomes more and more connected via open networks with the cyberspace, many new challenges arise. Therefore, there is a significant effort focused on national critical infrastructures evaluation, simulations and threats analysis. In this presentation current situation and challenges related to cyber security of Critical Infrastructures (CI) are discussed. Presented study shows that cyber-related threats should be concerned as important factor incorporated into strategic analysis of infrastructure disruptions, consequences evaluation, and assessment of systems dependencies.

The lecture covered the following topics:

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CL20: Stepwise Cloud Migration

by Bernhard Hämmerli at CRITIS 2015, Berlin, Germany, 7th October 2015

CL19: Railway Infrastructure Security

Rome, 4th June 2015, at 15.00 h

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome (Italy) and web at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

The security of railway mass transportation systems represents today a challenge, given their complexity and peculiarities, both from technological and logistic points of view. However, it is mandatory to increase the protection of those systems due to the current sociopolitical A scenario consists of a CI model, the initial states of all components and the scenario behaviour that describes the events that happen within the scenario.
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scenario
and the centrality of Italy in the year of EXPO 2015.

In collaboration with national and international experts, this lecture aims to highlight the main risks and the most modern solutions used for the protection of railway systems.

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For further information please send an email to m.demaggio(at)unicampus.it

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CL18: Selected aspects of Critical Infrastructures cybersecurity

by Rafal Kozik, PhD Eng and prof UTP Michal Choras, DSc, Phd Eng. (University of Science and Technology, UTP, Bydgoszcz, Poland), 21st May 2015, at 10.15 h

Venue: Technical University Poznan (PP), Poznan, Poland, Piotrowo 3a, room 16.

Topics covered at the lecture include:

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CL17: Innovative Cybersecurity methods for Next Generation Infrastructures

by Wojciech Mazurczyk, DSc, PhD Eng (Warsaw University of Technology, Poland), 7th May 2015, at 10.15 h

Venue: University of Science and Technology (UTP), Bydgoszcz, Poland, building 2.1 at Kaliskiego 7 street, room 39.

Topics covered at the lecture include:

  • Current threats and trends in cybersecurity,
  • New malware trend: utilization of information hiding techniques for improved stealthiness,
  • Bio-inspiration as an innovative approach for cybersecurity.

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CL16: Optimal Security Investments for Critical Infrastructure Systems

by Dr Maria Paola Scaparra, Rome, 26th March 2015, 15.00 h

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome (Italy) and web at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

A crucial issue in today's distribution, supply and emergency response systems is to guarantee continuity and efficiency in service provision in the face of a variety of potential disruptions. Planning against possible disruptive acts of nature or sabotage is an enormous financial and logistical challenge, especially if one considers the scale and complexity of today's infrastructure systems. Since it is generally impractical to secure all assets, it is important to optimize the protection of key system components.  Protection investment problems against worst-case losses are typically formulated as bi-level or tri-level optimization problems. This lecture presents some recent optimization models for identifying efficient investments in protection and security measures for distribution and transportation systems. These models incorporate a variety of different issues such as:  capacity restrictions; correlation of disruptive events and disaster propagation effects; dynamic investments; different objectives (demand coverage, cost, travel time, passenger flow); stochastic aspects (e.g., extent of the disruptions); and resiliency aspects (e.g., recovery times of the disrupted components and disruption frequency). Efficient solution methodologies for solving these complex models will also be briefly discussed. 

The remote participation via web is possible at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

Flyer download (room update 19.3.2015)

For further information please send an email to m.demaggio(at)unicampus.it

CL15: Modeling IT networks with Riverbed Modeler

Bydgoszcz, 12th March 2015 (Thursday), at 11:00 h MET

Venue: University of Technology Poland, Bydgoszcz, building 2.4 at Kaliskiego 7 street, room 110, RCI Labs

The CIPRNet training lecture (Hands-On) about "Modeling IT networks with Riverbed Modeler" will be held in form of a workshop. During practical hands-on labs participants will have an opportunity to learn how Riverbed Modeler solution could be used for planning, modeling and analyzing of critical IT network infrastructure.

Topics covered by the workshop include:

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CL14: Optimal device placement in wireless sensor networks

by Dr Claudio Sterle, Rome, 13th February 2015, (Lecture part I, 11.00 h)

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome (Italy) and web at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

The problem of covering, monitoring and/or controlling a region of interest by wireless sensor networks (WSN) has been widely treated in literature. The presentation resumes the main ILP optimization models, providing also a discussion on some straight extensions and variants which allow to take into account the specific features of the sensors, related monitoring tasks and strategic decisions in WSN design.

Remote participation via web was possible,

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CL13: A unified approach for 2D and 3D coverage problems in omni-directional and directional sensor networks

by Prof Dr Antonio Sforza, Rome, 13th February 2015, (Lecture part II, after 11.00 h)

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome (Italy) and web at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

The presentation proposes a unified and stepwise solving approach for two and three dimensional coverage problems to be used in omni-directional and directional sensor networks, schematizing the region of interest and the sensor potential locations by a 2D or 3D grid of points, and representing the sensor coverage area by a circle or by a circle sector. The built See conceptual model
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model
constitutes the optimization module of a smart tool for the protection of a railway infrastructure protection, developed for the European project METRIP. The presentation concludes with an application of the proposed approach to a real test case and a discussion of the obtained results.

The remote participation via web is possible at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

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For further information please send an email to m.demaggio(at)unicampus.it 

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CL12: Methods for increasing protection and resilience of critical infrastructures

Polish title: Działania w zakresie ochrony i zwiększenia niezawodności infrastruktury krytycznej

by Prof Michal Choras, DSc, Phd Eng. (UTP)

Venue: January 22nd, 2015, 10 am, s. 39, UTP Bydgoszcz  (Lecture part I)

This CIPRNet training lecture will contain information about threats to critical infrastructures and methods for See critical infrastructure
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CI
protection and resilience. Among the presented methods, the CIPRNet solutions such as Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
and See computer simulation.
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simulation
, decision support services, what-if analysis etc. will be described.

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CL11: Selected aspects of cybersecurity of critical infrastructures

Polish title:  Aspekty bezpieczeństwa cybernetycznego infrastruktur krytycznych

by Dr Rafal Kozik (UTP)

Venue: January 22nd, 2015, 10:30 am, s. 39, UTP Bydgoszcz (Lecture part II)

Nowadays, cyber threats are considered as a serious danger to critical infrastructures. Therefore, this CIPRNet training lecture will contain information about solutions and methods to detect cyber attacks and increase the resilience of Information and Communication Technologies
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ICT
part of critical infrastructures.

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CL10: Dynamic Functional Modelling of vulnerability and interdependencies of Critical Infrastructures (DMCI)

by Prof. Paolo Trucco, Rome, 20th January 2015, 10.30 h

Venue: ENEA, Rome (Italy) and web (http://webtv.enea.it/livestreaming)

DMCI proved to be suitable for the analysis of heterogeneous infrastructure systems, dynamic dependencies between energy and transport services. A web-based software tool has been developed to implement DMCI, where both the instantiation of See critical infrastructure
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CI
nodes and the results of simulations are graphically supported by a Geographical Information System
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GIS
map. According to Ouyang’s literature review on different approaches to Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
and See computer simulation.
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simulation
of interdependent The European Council Directive 2008/114/EC defines: ‘Critical infrastructure’ (CI) means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic..
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critical infrastructure
systems, DMCI belongs to the group of network based approaches, those with the best capabilities to support resilience analysis of interdependent See critical infrastructure
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CI
. DMCI has been used to See conceptual model
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model
the regional infrastructure system and support preparedness activities under the Lombardy Government’s Programme on See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
.

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CL9: Crisis management (edition 2)

by Dr. Rafal Renk (UTP) 15th January 2014. 

This CIPRNet training lecture is a part of the broader course on crisis management at special MBA studies. The course covers the following aspects: introduction to crisis management (functions, phases), crisis management in Poland, analysis of selected cases,  critical infrastructure (including EU projects results), selected technical aspects (like communication, Geographical Information System
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GIS
systems, IT solutions), social media in crisis management and See computer simulation.
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simulation
and  modelling. 

The CIPRNet training lecture also contains information about critical infrastructures protection and resilience, cyber protection of  CI, CIPRNet project and CIPRNet Decision Support System
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DSS
services.

This lecture is a 2nd edition of CIPRNet lecture 3.

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CL8: Power grids, smart grids and complex networks

by Dr Antonio Scala, Rome, 3rd December 2014, h15.00

Venue: University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome (Italy) and web at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

The objective of the lecture is to present some possible Complex Networks approaches to study and understand Power Grids and to improve them into Smart Grids. We first sketch the general properties of the Electric System with an attention to the effects of Distributed Generation.

We then analyse the effects of renewable power sources on Voltage Controllability. Afterwards, we study the impact of electric line overloads on the nature of Blackouts. Finally, we discuss the possibility of implementing Self Healing capabilities into Power Grids through the use of Routing Protocols.

The remote participation via web is possible at https://connect.portici.enea.it/unicampus/

For further information please send an email to m.demaggio(at)unicampus.it

CL7: System of Systems Simulation in a Cooperative Multinational Environment

by Prof. José Martí (UBC) at CRITIS 2014, Limassol, Cyprus, 13th October 2014. 

Interdependencies among Critical Infrastructures play a major role in understanding the complex physical, economic, and social systems that constitute the fabric of modern societies. Aristotle’s principle of causality is not enough to understand the karmic effects of actions and consequences. Feedback loops are needed to complete the cycle of interactions. The CIPRNet effort and other efforts seek to integrate multiple Critical Infrastructures (electricity, water, communications, and others) from the perspective of understanding their interactions and coordinating their responses across jurisdictions and national borders. This presentation will address the development of a system of systems simulator capable of linking multiple agents in a cooperative environment to best optimise common objectives. The lecture is structured in the following four parts; a) World Models, b) MATE and i2Sim System of Systems See computer simulation.
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Simulation
, c) Federated See computer simulation.
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Simulation
(DR-NEP & DIESIS) and d) Sample Scenarios. 

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CL6: Modelling complex systems

by Prof. Roberto Setola (UCBM) at Information Engineering School of the University of Malaga, Malaga (Spain), 18th June 2014. 

A cornerstone concept in many initiatives, such as scientific, technological and public initiatives about critical infrastructures (CI), is the one of ‘interdependency’, assumed as one of the most relevant and innovative elements to be considered in order to define effective management and protection plans. This talk illustrates such phenomena, its causes and some Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
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modelling
approaches in the line towards developing solutions able to improve the resilience and robustness of See critical infrastructure
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CI
.

CL5: Modelling interdependency in tightly coupled critical infrastructures

by Dr. Gabriele Oliva (UCBM) at University of Cyprus, 7th May 2014. 

The protection of the national infrastructures (e.g. energy grids, transportation networks, telecommunications systems, etc.), is one of the main issues for national and international security. Dr. Gabriele Oliva gave an overview of the techniques used to See conceptual model
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model
interdependency and to assess the more vulnerable and more influential ones in the protection of critical infrastructures contest. Furthermore, it was shown how to cope with the lack of adequate quantitative data by resorting to a codification of the experience of stakeholders and infrastructure experts by means of the fuzzy formalism.

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CL4: Crisis management

by Dr. Rafal Renk (UTP) at Gniezno, University of Adam Mickiewicz, 9th April 2014. 

This CIPRNet training lecture was a part of the broader course on crisis management at special MBA studies. The course covers the following aspects: introduction to crisis management (functions, phases), crisis management in Poland, analysis of selected cases (e.g. train accident near Szcze-kociny, Sandy hurricane), The European Council Directive 2008/114/EC defines: ‘Critical infrastructure’ (CI) means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic..
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critical infrastructure
(including EU projects results), selected technical aspects (like communication, Geographical Information System
[Click for more information]
GIS
systems, IT solutions), social media in crisis management and See computer simulation.
[Click for more information]
simulation
and See conceptual model
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model
-ling. The CIPRNet training lecture contained information about critical infrastructures protection and resilience, cyber protection of See critical infrastructure
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CI
, CIPRNet project and CIPRNet Decision Support System
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DSS
services.

CL3: Recent advances in CIP research and policy support to EPCIP

by Dr. Georgios Giannopoulos (JRC) at University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, 18th March 2014. 

Dr. Giannopoulos presented a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
policy at EU level and the impact on research development in the domain of Critical Infrastructures. In addition he presented the challenges of translating policy needs to scientific research and how this has taken place in JRC. Finally he provided a thorough presentation at technical level on the tools and methodologies that have been developed or are under development in JRC in order to improve the security of Critical Infrastructures against all hazards. The seminar also included interdependencies assessment tools, fault detection techniques and in general tools that help towards improving situational awareness of critical infrastructures. 

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CL2: Modellierung, Simulation und Analyse für den Schutz Kritischer Infrastrukturen

An event describes what happens to a component in the CI model if a condition is fulfilled, e.g. the tripping of a transmission line at a certain time.
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Event
: Seminar Staatliche Sicherheitsvorsorge – Audience: Public stakeholders

The lecture covered basic topics like general approaches to modelling, See computer simulation.
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simulation
and analysis (MS&A) for The European Council Directive 2008/114/EC defines: ‘Critical infrastructure’ (CI) means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic..
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Critical Infrastructure
Protection (CIP). It tried to give answers to fundamental questions like: What types of data are required for this task? What can computer-based MS&A do and what not? What would be the potential benefit of this type of See computer simulation.
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simulation
and analysis for civil protection and for crisis and emergency management? What is the state of the art in See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
research and its transfer into application? How could sustained support from the See critical infrastructure protection
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CIP
research communities be realised?

CL1: Interdependency Modelling

by Prof. Roberto Setola (UCBM) at University of Cyprus, 20th September 2013. 

In the last years we observed a significant development of scientific, technological and public initiatives about Critical Infrastructures (CI) and their protection. A cornerstone concept in many of these initiatives is the one of ‘Interdependency’, assumed as one of the most relevant and innovative elements to be considered in order to define effective management and protection plans. The talk illustrates such phenomena, their causes and some Modelling denotes the action of designing and creating a conceptual model or a computational model or a CI model or a computer simulation. Other synonyms may apply as well.
[Click for more information]
modelling
approaches in the line of developed solutions able to improve resilience and robustness of See critical infrastructure
[Click for more information]
CI
.

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